ColombiaOne.comColombia newsColombian State Not Complying With 2016 Peace Agreement, Says President Petro

Colombian State Not Complying With 2016 Peace Agreement, Says President Petro


Gustavo Petro Peace Agreement
President Gustavo Petro has stated that the Colombian State is not implementing the 2016 peace agreement, and will present this rejection before the United Nations. Credit: Cesar Carrion / Presidencia

President Gustavo Petro has stated that he will go to the United Nations to explain that the Colombian State does not want to comply with the 2016 peace agreement made with the FARC guerrilla group. 

During the possession act of the Superior Judiciary Council Magistrate, President Petro pointed out that, “We will have to go to the United Nations. We have to go every three months. This is not a game. But this time, the President of the Republic will go and will have to say: most certainly, the State of Colombia does not want to comply with the peace agreement it signed. I cannot lie.”

He added that the consequences of not complying are severe. The president referred to “the incredibility of the Colombian State before the world because it committed itself before the world, not only before some armed men ……..The problem is that in the unilateral declaration, the State of Colombia committed itself before the world and humanity to comply with what it signed. If we do not comply with what we signed, what follows is bloodshed, violence on other scales, in other forms. We are not sowing the path of peace, in my opinion.”

Presidencia Colombia has posted the statement from President Petro to their X account.

President Petro clarifies his statement on the 2016 peace agreements

Through his account, President Petro clarified exactly what he meant in his previous statement: “Let’s clarify this information: The peace agreement has three main axes: agrarian reform, territorial transformation, and judicial truth. In agrarian reform, maximizing the agrarian jurisdiction and the expedited purchase of lands is necessary. In the transformation of the territory, it is necessary to change the future terms approved by previous governments and prioritize the excluded regions, and in judicial truth, it is necessary to emphasize that the JEP is the closing court.”

Petro claims that without complying with these requisites, it must be said before the UN Security Council that the Colombian State has not complied with the peace agreements

The context of this statement does not come out of the blue. The United Nations has called for the Colombian government and for President Petro to stay vigilant concerning the compliance of the agreement. They have specifically called for attention to the agreements in the ‘Total Peace’ policy framework. This framework has been characterized by negotiations with multiple guerilla groups. 

In a report done by a UN verification of compliance mission, it was stated that, “The persistent violence has been an obstacle to the implementation of key aspects of the Final Agreement, which has resulted in uneven results among its different points. The lack of security guarantees in various regions has prevented rural reform efforts from improving the living conditions of entire peasant communities. At the same time, it has hindered the transition of former combatants to civilian life. Insecurity also threatens to prevent the truth from fully coming to light in the context of the transitional justice process.”

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